Festivals Of Assam

Assam is a state located in the Northeastern region of India. The culture and traditions of this region have been deeply influenced by its unique geographical position as well as its long history. One of the most important aspects of Assamese culture are its festivals, which celebrate the local customs and beliefs with enthusiasm and joy. Through these events, people from all parts of the state come together to mark special occasions and commemorate their shared heritage. In this article, an overview will be provided on some of the major festivals celebrated in Assam each year.

The festival season begins in winter with Bhogali Bihu or Magh Bihu, a harvest festival that marks the end of harvesting season. This is followed by Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu during springtime when new crops are sown. Other popular festivals include Ambubachi Mela, Durga Puja, Ali-Ai-Ligang, Me-Dam-Me-Phi, Kati Bihu etc., each one having its own significance associated with it according to Hindu mythology and historical legends.

1. Bhogali Bihu Or Magh Bihu

Bhogali Bihu or Magh Bihu is one of the most important festivals celebrated in Assam. It marks the end of harvesting season and signifies a transition from one agricultural season to next. The celebrations take place over two days, Uruka being on the eve of Bhogali bihu and Goru on the day itself. Traditional celebrations are held with great gusto as people gather around bonfires for offering prayers to god Agni for prosperity and peace. They also exchange their traditional delicacies like ‘Pitha’ during these festivities.

The cultural significance of Bhogali Bihu lies in its long standing tradition that has been handed down through generations ever since ancient times. People dress up in colorful attires and sing folk songs about nature to express gratitude towards it. During this festival, there is an atmosphere of joyous celebration all across Assam which symbolizes communal harmony among different communities living here. There are many sporting events such as buffalo fighting and cockfighting which adds more fun to this occasion.

Kite flying is another activity that takes place during Bhogali Bihu where local artisans make beautiful kites using bamboo sticks and paper depicting various themes including animals, flowers etc., These activities allow families to spend quality time together while enjoying delicious food dishes prepared specially for this special occasion. Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu follows shortly after Bhogali Bihu, continuing the cycle of celebrations in Assam throughout early spring into summertime.

2. Rongali Bihu Or Bohag Bihu

Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu is one of the most important festivals celebrated in Assam. It marks the advent of spring season and is celebrated by all with joy and enthusiasm, each year during mid April. Traditionally, it is a festival that celebrates nature’s bountiful harvest and fertility of soil.

The celebration involves many traditional customs such as offering prayers to gods for protection from wild animals, decorating cowsheds, singing bihu songs, eating traditional dishes like larus (rice cakes) and pitha (sweet delicacies). Music and dance are an integral part of Rongali Bihu festivities where women perform cultural dances known as ‘biyas’ while men join in singing folk songs called ‘Bihugeet’ accompanied by drums, flutes and cymbals.

This vibrant festival brings together people from different walks of life who come together to celebrate their culture through music, dancing, feasting and merry-making thus making it an event which truly embodies the spirit of Assamese culture. Moving on to Ambubachi Mela…

3. Ambubachi Mela

The Ambubachi Mela is one of the most significant festivals in Assam. It is celebrated every year at Kamakhya Temple, where devotees come from all over India to pay their respects and take part in this important event. The festival usually lasts for four days and is marked with vibrant cultural activities such as traditional music performances, local cuisine stalls, art exhibitions, theatre shows and much more.

Throughout these four days, a unique atmosphere prevails in the temple grounds which includes spiritual singing, chanting of mantras and dancing by participants. There are also special poojas performed on specific days dedicated to particular deities. In addition to religious activities, there are plenty of other attractions like magic shows, puppet shows and folk dances that entertain visitors throughout the day.

Apart from providing an abundance of entertainment options, Ambubachi Mela also serves as a platform for traders to showcase their products ranging from food items to clothing materials. They even have kiosks selling souvenirs so that people can take back home something memorable from this great occasion.

  1. Traditional Music Performances
  2. Local Cuisine Stalls
  3. Art Exhibitions
  4. Theatre Shows
  5. Magic & Puppet Shows – Traditional Handicrafts and Souvenir Stalls

4. Durga Puja

The Durga Puja is a festival of divine significance and cultural importance in Assam. As the goddess of power and strength, worshipping her brings good luck, fortune and health to all who observe it faithfully. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm by devotees from all corners of the state, drawing thousands from far-off places for the grand festivities.

The puja involves elaborate rituals that span several days such as chanting mantras, offering flowers, burning incense sticks and performing havans. All these activities are done under the guidance of priests, who take part in special pujas dedicated to various goddess forms like Mahalakshmi, Saraswati and Gayatri Devi. The entire process culminates in a grand finale when devotees gather around a large idol of Goddess Durga to offer their prayers.

The festival has immense religious significance and also carries tremendous cultural impact on people’s lives during its celebration period. From traditional plays, dance performances and singing competitions to local food delicacies being prepared specially for this occasion – there is something for everyone at Durga Puja. Beyond this physical aspect though lies an emotional connect which binds us together spiritually through our faith in the almighty. With such strong roots firmly established within society, this festival continues to spread joyous celebrations throughout Assam every year without fail. Transitioning into Ali-ai-Ligang; another significant festivity celebrated here…

5. Ali-Ai-Ligang

Ali-Ai-Ligang is one of the most celebrated festivals in Assam. It is a spring festival celebrated by the Assamese community to welcome the coming of the New Year. The tradition of celebrating this festival dates back to ancient times and has great religious and cultural significance. It is one of the oldest festivals in the region and is celebrated with great festivity and enthusiasm.


The Ali-Ai-Ligang festival of Assam is one that has been celebrated for centuries. Its roots are steeped in the state’s indigenous culture and it holds great cultural significance for its people. The festival marks the beginning of spring, a season filled with joy and hope after the cold winter months that have just passed. During this time, many customs like sowing seeds, ploughing fields, and cattle worship are performed as offerings to ensure fertility and prosperity during the coming year.

People also gather together to dance around bonfires, sing traditional songs, play musical instruments such as flutes and drums, exchange gifts among family members – all activities which foster an atmosphere of communal unity. Additionally, it is customary to decorate homes and courtyards with colorful banners made from bamboo strips – symbolic gestures meant to bring good luck in the upcoming harvest season. Ali Ai Ligang is thus more than just a celebration; it symbolizes a spirit of mutual respect towards nature’s bounty and conveys an underlying message of peace and harmony amongst people.


The significance of Ali-Ai-Ligang cannot be overstated, as it marks the beginning of a new season and signifies hope for prosperity. It is both a cultural celebration and an economic event, as many families take part in traditional activities such as sowing seeds, ploughing fields, and cattle worship to ensure fertility for their crops. In addition, this festival also serves to unite people from various ethnicities through communal dances around bonfires and exchanges of gifts among family members.

This spirit of mutual respect towards nature’s bounty conveys an underlying message of peace and harmony amongst all communities which are essential elements in any successful society. The vibrant decorations with colorful banners made from bamboo strips further add to the festive atmosphere while symbolizing good luck in the upcoming harvest season. Therefore, Ali Ai Ligang exemplifies how festivals can bring people together while providing numerous short and long term benefits that benefit everyone involved.

6. Me-Dam-Me-Phi And Kati Bihu

The Ali-Ai-Ligang festival marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year and is celebrated with much joy. It usually falls on April 13 or 14, depending upon the lunar calendar. People celebrate it by offering prayers to their ancestors, wearing traditional clothes, indulging in feasts and performing various rituals.

Moving ahead we have two very important festivals – Me-Dam-Me-Phi and Kati Bihu. The former is celebrated at the end of April for three days which are dedicated to honoring departed souls who protect their families from evil spirits. This day also marks a significant milestone in agricultural activities as it brings an end to winter crop season. During this time people visit graveyards of their beloved ones and offer them food items such as fruits, flowers and curd rice. They also clean up the gravesites before leaving after paying respects to their dead relatives.

Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu celebrates agriculture growth during autumn when paddy fields become golden yellow due to ripening of crops. This festival typically happens around October 15th every year and involves lighting lamps at home, taking part in community dances, singing folk songs and playing musical instruments like khol (drums) and taal (cymbals). Food plays a major role in these festivities with special dishes prepared such as Pitha (rice cakes), laru (fried snacks) and Jolpan (variety of savories served along with betel nut leaves).

Additionally, people take out time for fun activities like bull racing, tug of war competitions etc that keep everyone entertained throughout the day!

Key Takeaways:

  1. Baisagu celebrations involve ancestor worshiping while offering prayer offerings
  2. Me-Dam-Me-Phi has significance related to harvest season ending
  3. Sital Sasthi is marked by decorating houses with oil lamps & engaging in cultural events

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What Is The Best Time Of The Year To Visit Assam For Festivals?

A. Assam is a culturally rich destination, and the best time to visit it for festivals is between October to March. During this period, one can witness traditional food being cooked on the streets, people wearing their finest cultural attire, and various festivities taking place in different parts of the state. There are plenty of folk dances, music performances and other events which take place during these months that make up for an amazing experience for tourists.

Q2. How Long Do The Festivals Usually Last?

A. Festivals in Assam are renowned for their cultural significance and local cuisine. For example, the Bihu Festival is celebrated annually by the people of Assam to mark the new season with a grand celebration including traditional dances, feasts, music, and religious rituals. The festival usually lasts for three days but can sometimes stretch as long as six or seven depending on the activities planned. During this time, visitors can enjoy some of the most delicious dishes from the state’s many distinct culinary traditions while also taking part in various cultural events like singing competitions, theatre performances, and more.

Q3. What Is The Significance Of Each Festival?

A. Festivals in Assam are of immense cultural importance, with each festival holding a special religious symbolism. The festivals typically reflect the traditions and customs of the local people and their beliefs. All these festivities bring together different communities to celebrate and enjoy life, creating a strong sense of communal harmony and solidarity among them. These celebrations also create an opportunity for people to come out from their day-to-day routines and engage in various traditional activities such as singing, dancing, eating, playing music and more.

Such gatherings help promote culture by providing a platform where folk art forms can be showcased. Each festival is celebrated differently across different parts of Assam depending on its significance in that region but all serve the purpose of bringing people together to rejoice in good times and strengthen ties between one another.

Q4. Are There Any Special Activities Or Traditions Associated With The Festivals?

A. The festivals of Assam are celebrated with many special activities and traditions. During these occasions, people often wear traditional cultural dress to represent their culture. Additionally, numerous religious rituals are usually conducted within the festival period as a way to honor the gods and goddesses that they believe in. These rituals include offerings made by devotees such as flowers, incense, music, food and more. Furthermore, various dances like Bihu and Sattriya are also performed during these celebrations to show appreciation for the deities present in the festivities. All these activities come together to create an unforgettable experience for all those who attend the festivals of Assam.

Q5. Are There Any Safety Precautions To Be Taken While Attending These Festivals?

A. Festival-goers of Assam are advised to take safety precautions while attending local festivals, due to the cultural implications and religious rituals associated with them. Just like a bee needs protection from a hive robber, so do festival participants need protection from potential thieves or pickpockets while they engage in various celebrations. It is recommended that attendees keep their belongings close at all times and remain alert for any suspicious activity around them.

Furthermore, it is important to be aware of the surroundings when engaging in certain activities such as dancing or singing, as one can become vulnerable to unwanted physical contact if not paying attention. As an experienced festival journalist of Assam, I always remind myself and my readers about these simple yet effective tips to stay safe during festivities.


The festivals of Assam are known for their vibrant and colorful celebrations. From the traditional Bihu celebration to the modern Rongali Utsav, these festivities bring people together, creating a sense of community throughout the region. Every festival carries its own significance and is held with great fanfare. People take part in dancing, singing, feasting and other activities that make each event memorable.

Overall, these festivals offer a unique experience that can be enjoyed by locals as well as visitors from far away places. By taking some basic safety precautions such as wearing masks and maintaining physical distance, one can have an enjoyable time attending them without worry or fear. So come join us in celebrating this joyous occasion and create memories that will last forever!

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