Festivals Of Bihar

Bihar, a state rich in culture and tradition, is known for its vibrant festivals. From the annual Chhath Puja to the popular Sonepur Mela; each festival has its own unique significance. The festivals of Bihar are celebrated with great enthusiasm by people from all walks of life. Every year thousands of devotees and tourists gather to be part of these joyous occasions. This article will explore the various festivals celebrated in Bihar, their importance and cultural relevance.

Bihar’s traditional festivals have been an integral part of India’s ancient culture since time immemorial. They offer a glimpse into the past and present religious practices prevalent in this region. These festivities bring together people from different backgrounds and provide them with an opportunity to come together and celebrate unity amidst diversity. Thus, it can be said that Bihar’s festivals play an important role in preserving India’s rich heritage while creating lasting memories for locals as well as visitors alike.

Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja is one of the most popular festivals celebrated in Bihar. This festival is dedicated to Lord Surya and his wife Usha, observed around November each year. It is a four-day long celebration where devotees observe fasts and worship the Sun God for the well being of their family members.

The first day of Chhath Puja marks Kartik Snan or bathing with sacred water from the Ganges River, followed by Prasad Bhoj offerings made to Lord Surya at sunset. The second day involves strict fasting without any food or water intake until evening when once again offering of Prasad Bhoj is done along with chanting mantras and hymns in praise of Lord Surya. On the third day, devotes break their fast after performing rituals like pujan arghya which involves offering flowers and diyas (lamps) to Sun God while standing knee deep in river waters.

On conclusion of this annual event, people gather together to enjoy music, dance and fireworks as part of festivities associated with it. Moving on from here, next up we have ‘Sonepur Mela’ – an alluring fair that attracts thousands of visitors every year from different parts of India and abroad alike…

Sonepur Mela

The majestic Sonepur Mela is a sight to behold, bringing together the disparate cultures of Bihar in an unforgettable spectacle. It’s a vibrant medley of floods and fairs that has been around for centuries, hosting traders from all over India who come to partake in one of the most grandiose events in the region.

This mela is also steeped in ancient animal traditions such as elephant trading and buffalo fights—activities that have been beloved by locals since time immemorial. Boasting of more than 20,000 stalls offering everything from traditional handicrafts to contemporary garments, this festival serves as a reminder of the state’s rich cultural heritage.

With its vast array of activities ranging from live music performances to boat rides on the river Ganges, it is no wonder why Sonepur Mela draws hundreds of thousands visitors each year. Even today, people flock here to enjoy their favorite sports or participate in various competitions like wrestling tournaments and horse races. From young children to elders alike, there’s something for everyone at this remarkable event!

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the state of Bihar as one of its most joyous festivals. The festival marks a period when the sun moves from south to north, known as Uttarayan and signifying change in season. Makar Sankranti has immense cultural significance for people living in Bihar with various rituals performed by families during this time. It also holds divine importance among religious communities who regard it as an auspicious day that needs to be celebrated with great fervor.

To commemorate this special occasion, devotees take part in processions and offer prayers at temples throughout Bihar. People gather around bonfires on Makar Sankranti to pay respects to their ancestors while singing traditional devotional songs. Special dishes are prepared on this day such as til ke ladoo which signifies prosperity and wellbeing in life. Gifts are also exchanged between family members and friends that serve as tokens of goodwill and blessing for each other’s future endeavors.

The spirit of celebration continues through lively folk music performances held across the state where thousands of participants come together to dance, sing and enjoy the festivities! Colorful kites can be seen soaring above rooftops – a sight synonymous with Makar Sankranti celebrations in Bihar. With its strong spiritual connection and vibrant display of customs, traditions and culture, Makar Sankranti stands out as one of the most cherished festivals observed in Bihar every year. Looking ahead, Teej Festival is another important event observed by women all over India including those residing in Bihar…

Teej Festival

As the bright sun rises over Bihar, it signals that festivities have officially commenced. From village to village and house to house, people are celebrating Teej – an occasion of joyous celebration for all ages and genders alike! As one of the most popular festivals in Bihar, Teej is celebrated with a variety of rituals associated ranging from exchanging gifts to dressing up in colorful clothing.

Teej marks the onset of monsoon season which brings with it seasonal delicacies like litti chokha, saag-roti and jalebi. People gather together and enjoy these local delicacies while engaging in conversations about their culture and customs. Additionally, many sing folk songs as they celebrate with traditional music instruments such as dhols in accompaniment.

The enthusiasm and energy surrounding this festival knows no bounds; everyone has something unique to offer! Whether it be through dancing or playing games or participating in competitions, everyone takes part actively in some way or another. With so much going on around them, it’s hard not to get swept away into the spirit of Teej! Moving onto Durga Puja celebrations now…

Durga Puja

  1. Durga Puja is an important festival celebrated in the state of Bihar for centuries, with roots in the Hindu mythology.
  2. The rituals of Durga Puja involve a series of festivities from the Mahalaya, Shasthi, Navami and Vijayadashami.
  3. Celebrations of Durga Puja involve a procession of the Goddess Durga’s idol, traditional music, dance, as well as offerings of fruits, flowers, food and other items.
  4. Durga Puja is an important festival for the people of Bihar, with many taking part in the festivities and rituals that are part of the celebration.

History Of Durga Puja

Durga Puja is one of the most celebrated festivals in Bihar. It marks the victory of good over evil, and commemorates Devi Durga’s slaying of Mahishasura, a demon king who spread chaos across the world. Despite its Hindu origins, this joyous event has become popular amongst people from all religions and cultures in India.

The celebration begins with an elaborate puja ceremony at homes or temples, during which devotees offer prayers to Goddess Durga and request for her blessings. This is followed by feasting on traditional delicacies as well as days filled with singing, dancing, music and merry-making. Fireworks are also set off to add colour and vibrancy to the festival atmosphere.

The religious significance of Durga Puja lies in its rituals that seek to bring peace and prosperity into society through celebratory customs such as fasting and devotional hymns sung in praise of Goddess Durga. As such, it serves not only as a reminder but also encourages individuals to practice values like kindness and compassion towards all living beings. In conclusion, Durga Puja continues to be an important cultural event celebrated throughout Bihar every year with much enthusiasm.

Rituals Of Durga Puja

Rituals form a major part of the Durga Puja celebrations. These include fasting and worshipping Goddess Durga by offering her special prayers, known as pujas. During this time, devotees also sing devotional hymns in praise of the goddess while engaging in traditional activities such as dancing and merry-making. The festivities reach its peak during Navratri, when people from all over Bihar come together to celebrate with enthusiasm.

As part of the celebration, Bihari cuisine is prepared for everyone to enjoy. People also dress up in their finest clothes as they take part in various religious ceremonies that seek to bring peace and prosperity into society. Thus, through these rituals and customs, Durga Puja has become an important event celebrated throughout Bihar every year with much joy and devotion.

Saraswati Puja

Saraswati Puja is one of the most prominent festivals celebrated in Bihar. During Navaratri puja, people pay homage to Goddess Saraswati and her divine knowledge. The festival symbolizes a spiritual awakening that leads to the attainment of divine wisdom.

The festivities are marked by traditional rituals such as chanting Vedic mantras, playing musical instruments, lighting incense sticks and performing arti. Devotees offer grains and fruits to Goddess Saraswati for blessings. Women also wear new clothes during this occasion while decorating their homes with lights and flowers.

On Deepawali mela day, locals gather together in markets to buy gifts for each other, create rangolis on the floors and light up diyas. People visit nearby temples to seek the goddess’s blessings and enjoy festive delicacies like ladoo, gujiya and puri-bhaji prepared at home or available across street vendors. Some even participate in social activities such as distributing sweets among poor children or organizing charity programs for them:

  • Purchasing stationary items like notebooks & pencils
  • Donating warm clothing
  • Providing nutritious meals & snacks
  • Arranging educational workshops

Overall, Saraswati Puja fosters a sense of joyous unity among all local communities who come together every year to celebrate this auspicious event.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What Are The Best Places To Stay Near The Festivals?

A. Attending festivals in Bihar is akin to taking a journey back in time. With the vast array of booking options available, there are plenty of places to stay near each festival that cater to any budget and preference. Local transportation can be easily accessed from these locations, making it convenient for travelers who wish to explore all that the state has to offer. From luxurious hotels with spas and swimming pools, to charming guesthouses, finding accommodation near the festivals is like opening up a treasure chest full of surprises.

Q2. What Are The Safety Measures To Be Taken While Attending The Festivals?

A. Attending local festivals is an important part of cultural experience and traditional rituals. For the safety of all participants, it is important to ensure that certain measures are taken prior to attending these events. It is advised to wear appropriate clothing for the festival, such as loose-fitting clothes and comfortable shoes, so that one can move around easily without compromising their safety.

Additionally, attendees should be aware of pickpockets or any suspicious activity that may occur during a crowded event. Furthermore, if feeling unsafe in any way, do not hesitate to alert security personnel at the festival. By implementing precautionary steps while attending a festival, visitors will be able to enjoy the event with peace of mind and respect its significance.

Q3. How Can I Get To The Festivals Without My Own Vehicle?

A. Traveling to festivals without one’s own vehicle has become increasingly common in Bihar due to the availability of various public transportation options. Those looking to attend a festival can take advantage of buses, trains, and taxis that provide access from nearby cities. Many people also rely on ride-sharing services like Uber or Ola Cabs for convenient travel at an affordable price. Although these modes of transport are not always reliable during peak season, they offer a great way for travelers to experience the cultural heritage and traditional dances offered by these special events.

Q4. Are There Any Age Restrictions For Attending The Festivals?

A. Attending a festival is like entering another world, one that celebrates culture and tradition. Age restrictions are an important factor when it comes to experiencing these exotic cuisines and traditional performances. In Bihar, cultural taboos dictate that individuals above a certain age may not be allowed in some festivals due to religious beliefs. Festival-goers must abide by the rules of attending such events or risk facing legal action from local authorities. As a festival reporter for Bihar, I can confirm that there are age restrictions at many of the state’s most popular festivals.

Q5. Are There Any Other Events Aside From The Festivals That Are Worth Visiting?

A. Bihar is not just known for its festivals, but also offers a variety of other events that are worth visiting. For instance, there are several cultural and religious sites located throughout the state which provide insight into the history and significance of Bihar’s culture. Additionally, numerous museums host exhibitions about local artisanship as well as traditional music performances to showcase the vibrant artistic landscape in this region.

Furthermore, visitors can attend seminars on topics such as philosophy and spirituality in order to experience the spiritual depth behind these ancient traditions. All these aspects combined create an enriching experience for anyone looking to explore beyond the popular festivals of Bihar.


The festivals of Bihar are a vibrant and exciting way to explore the culture of this fascinating state. Each festival has its own unique attractions, from traditional dance performances to local cuisine delicacies, there is something for everyone here. With over 20 million people attending these events every year, it is no surprise that they have become an integral part of life in Bihar.

In terms of safety measures during such occasions, visitors must take care to abide by all security protocols as advised by authorities. Furthermore, various transport options are available to help visitors get around without their own vehicles and age restrictions vary depending on the type of event being held. All in all, the incredible festivities of Bihar offer an unforgettable experience – one which will surely leave you with fond memories for years to come!

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