Festivals Of Jharkhand

Jharkhand is a state in India renowned for its plethora of festivals. These festivities are celebrated annually and bring people from all over the country together to celebrate their culture, customs and traditions. The different festivals celebrated here showcase the diversity of religions, beliefs and cultures found within this region. This article will explore some of Jharkhand’s most popular festivals that draw tourists from across the globe every year.

The vibrant colors, festive decorations and traditional music associated with these celebrations make them truly unique experiences. From religious observances such as Chhat Puja or Maha Shivratri to tribal events like Sarhul or Karam, each festival has something special to offer visitors who come to experience it first-hand. Additionally, there are several fairs held throughout the year which attract locals as well as travelers looking to get an insight into local life. All of these festivals form part of what makes Jharkhand so culturally rich and diverse.

Chhat Puja

Chhat Puja is one of the most celebrated festivals in Jharkhand. It is a four-day long festival that takes place twice a year, once during Kartik Purnima and again on Chaitra Shukla Paksha. The celebration revolves around worshipping the Sun God and dedicating prayers to him for granting health, happiness, prosperity and well-being to all devotees. During this time, people come together to share Diwali traditions such as cleaning their houses and decorating them with colorful Rangolis.

This festival has strong mythological connections; it said that Lord Shiva had asked his sons Ganesha and Karthikeya to circle the Earth three times each before deciding who was more powerful between them. After circling the earth thrice, both brothers returned to Kailash Parvat where they were welcomed by their father with joyous festivities which later became known as Chhat Puja today.

With its deep cultural roots and religious significance, Chhat Puja remains an integral part of Jharkhand’s festive calendar until now. As these celebrations come to an end, preparations begin for another eagerly awaited Jharkhand festival: Maha Shivratri

Maha Shivratri

Maha Shivratri is a significant festival celebrated in Jharkhand. It has both religious and cultural significance to the people of the state. In terms of its divine significance, Maha Shivratri marks the day when Lord Shiva reached Kailash Parvat with his consort Goddess Parvati. People celebrate this occasion by offering prayers at temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and observing fasts during the day.

In terms of its cultural significance, Maha Shivratri is associated with many age-old rituals that are unique to Jharkhand. One such ritual involves decorating cows with flowers and bells before taking them out for worshiping around villages as a sign of reverence towards them. This tradition is followed even today in some parts of Jharkhand on the eve of Maha Shivratri. Additionally, tribal communities take part in special dance performances called ‘Bhangra’ which symbolizes joyous celebration of life and fertility amongst humans.

The festivities related to the occasion often extend beyond one night into multiple days in various regions across Jharkhand. As per local customs, families come together from far off places to partake in these celebrations and strengthen family ties further by exchanging gifts with each other. Moving ahead, Sarhul serves as another important festival celebrating nature’s bounty and abundance through colorful folk dances and traditional songs..


Sarhul is an important festival celebrated mainly by tribal communities in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It marks the start of the spring season and is celebrated on the same day as Holi. This festival symbolises renewal, abundance and joy for all living beings.

The celebration includes a variety of customs such as Bishari Puja, Bhagta Parab and Kaath-Puja. In this ritual, people offer prayers to god with offerings like flowers, fruits and honey while singing traditional songs related to fertility and prosperity:

  1. The first custom involves offering prayers to God Shiva through Bishari Puja with offerings like coconut, curd and sugarcane juice.
  2. Next, Bhagta Parab is performed which entails chanting mantras around a bonfire before taking holy dips in rivers or streams nearby.
  3. Finally, Kaath-Puja is conducted where participants worship Lord Vishnu who symbolizes peace and protection from natural calamities throughout the year.

These rituals signify gratitude towards nature for its bounty throughout the year ensuring well being of human life on earth. Sarhul also serves as a reminder to practice conservation methods so that resources are available for coming generations too. As part of this message trees are planted during this time creating a greener environment for everyone’s benefit now and into the future. Transitioning into Karam – another significant jharkhand festival – we can see how these celebrations promote social harmony within our society today .


Karam is an important festival celebrated in Jharkhand. It is celebrated with much enthusiasm for three days and includes many rituals and celebrations. On the first day of the festival, people offer prayers to the sun god, sing and dance around sacred fire, and exchange gifts. On the second and third days, people engage in activities such as horse racing, archery competitions, and performances of traditional music and dance.

Karam Festival

Karam festival is a much celebrated event in the state of Jharkhand. This festival marks the beginning of the harvest season and is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm by people from all communities, who come together to enjoy this joyous occasion. The festivities involve traditional rituals associated with farming such as organic farming practices that are followed even today by villagers in rural areas. It also provides an opportunity for tourists to experience the rich culture and traditions of Jharkhand while promoting rural tourism.

People dress up in their best clothes and prepare delicious dishes made from freshly harvested crops which they share among themselves as part of the rituals. Alongside these activities, there are various cultural programs like folk music performances and dances organized by locals which adds more charm to the celebration. Thus Karam Festival stands as a vibrant representation of unity, harmony and prosperity in Jharkhand’s diverse cultures.

Rituals And Celebrations

Rituals and Celebrations are an integral part of the Karam Festival. This festival is marked by a multitude of rituals that celebrate the harvest season, such as organic farming practices adopted by villagers in rural areas. People come together to enjoy this joyous occasion, dressing up in their best clothes and preparing delicious dishes from freshly harvested crops which they share among themselves.

In addition to these activities, cultural programs like folk music performances and dances are organized by locals adding charm to the celebration. Other celebrations such as Holi Festival and Durga Puja also play a significant role in bringing out the vibrant representation of unity, harmony, and prosperity in Jharkhand’s diverse cultures during the Karam festivities.

Tribal Fairs

Jharkhand is renowned for its tribal fairs, and these are celebrated yearly in the state. One such festival is the Ghaghra mela which sees thousands of visitors from across India come to witness traditional customs and rituals. The festivities include performances by local folk dancers, music ensembles, and a variety of events that showcase Jharkhand’s rich culture. During this time, artisans line up their stalls to display intricate Sohrai artworks depicting deities and legends related to the area’s folklore.

These festivals bring together people from different communities who celebrate with great enthusiasm. People wear vibrant traditional clothing as they take part in various activities like bullock cart races and tug-of-war competitions. Local delicacies are also prepared during this period, adding flavor to the festive atmosphere. There are ample opportunities for vendors to make profits too through food stalls or selling items such as handicrafts and souvenirs.

The celebration of these tribal fairs serves an important social purpose since it preserves cultural traditions while providing entertainment at the same time. This gives locals an opportunity to exchange ideas with one another, connect with family members living far away, discover new places within their own country, and build meaningful relationships along the way.

As we move on to discuss local celebrations in Jharkhand next, it is clear that there is much more than meets the eye when it comes to understanding Jharkhand’s unique cultural heritage.

Local Celebrations

With colorful tribal fairs in full swing throughout Jharkhand, it is no surprise that the state also has its own unique local celebrations. From harvest festivals to traditional rituals, these events are a vibrant part of Jharkhand’s culture and history.

One of the most popular local festivities celebrated in Jharkhand is Karam Festival, which takes place every year during the first week of November. It marks the end of monsoon season and celebrates nature’s bounty with activities such as decorating homes with fresh flowers, performing songs and dances at temple courtyards, and eating traditional food like kheer (sweet rice pudding). Besides this festival there are many other seasonal fests held across different districts, each one having their own ritualistic significance for tribals living there.

Harvest festivals are especially important occasions where people gather together to give thanks for a good crop yield. These range from the Mundari community’s Sarhul festival – an elaborate celebration featuring folk dancing and singing performances – to Kurukh tribe’s Dharmagaon Fagwah wherein they perform animal sacrifices and light bonfires overnight as symbolic offerings to their gods.

Apart from these larger scale gatherings, numerous smaller scale tribal rituals also take place around this time. This includes exchanging gifts between families, offering prayers to ancestors or deities associated with agriculture, preparing special dishes using new crops harvested for the occasion etc., all indicative of life in rural India.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What Is The Significance Of The Festivals Celebrated In Jharkhand?

A. Festival celebrations in Jharkhand are integral to the religious beliefs, customary practices and cultural heritage of its people. As the saying goes, “the more the merrier,” this adage is particularly pertinent when discussing festivals in Jharkhand. These occasions offer an opportunity for locals to embrace their culture and share it with others through traditional festivities and rituals that have been faithfully observed for generations.

Furthermore, these events also serve as a platform for exchanging ideas between members of different communities, thus strengthening social bonds. From tribal-based ceremonies like Karam to Hindu rites such as Chhath Puja, all these unique festivities embody the spiritual spirit of this vibrant state while uniting its citizens regardless of distinction or faith.

Q2. What Cultural Activities And Rituals Are Associated With Each Festival?

A. The cultural activities and rituals associated with each festival in Jharkhand are reflective of its rich religious customs and cultural heritage. These festivals provide an opportunity for the various ethnic groups to come together, share their respective cultures and rejoice amidst celebrations that include music, traditional dance performances, games, feasts, prayers and worship.

In addition to these forms of entertainment, many religious ceremonies such as offering flowers or fruits to deities are also observed during most festivals in the region. The significance of these activities lies in preserving the age-old traditions which have been passed down from generation to generation over centuries.

Q3. How Long Do The Festivals Last?

A. The length of Jharkhand festivals can vary from one day to up to a month. The Festivals are celebrated with traditional dress, cuisine preparation and other cultural activities such as rituals that involve the whole community. In some cases, festivities may continue for multiple days or even weeks. For example, Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival that lasts for four consecutive days in which people offer prayers to the Sun God and perform various rituals like fasting and bathing in holy rivers.

Similarly, Sarhul Festival is celebrated over a week when marriages take place among young couples and offerings are made to nature gods. Thus, festivals in Jharkhand celebrate their culture through religious and social customs while maintaining the spirit of togetherness within the local communities.

Q4. How Do People Prepare For The Festivals?

A. In order to prepare for the festivals, people in Jharkhand engage in a variety of activities. Gift giving is one way that community members bond and come together, as it allows them to demonstrate their appreciation for each other through thoughtful presents. Additionally, many families clean and decorate their homes, often using traditional decorations like colorful rangoli designs or paper lanterns.

Special recipes are also cooked up days in advance of the festivities, while religious ceremonies such as poojas are held leading up to the main event. Each region may have its own unique traditions when preparing for festivals; however these common elements serve to bring communities closer together before any celebration begins.

Q5. How Are The Festivals Celebrated Differently In Different Parts Of Jharkhand?

A. The festivals of Jharkhand are celebrated differently in different parts of the state, with unique cooking traditions and folk stories. In areas such as Palamu district, people prepare for the festival by making special dishes like ‘Chutney-Bada’ which is a mix of deep fried dumplings made from ground lentils and chutneys. Similarly, in some regions singing folk songs to celebrate the festive occasion is popular among locals. People also exchange gifts and sweets during these festivals, adding to their joyous atmosphere.


The festivals of Jharkhand are a beautiful celebration, each unique in its own way. Every festival has its own cultural activities and rituals that the people take part in to honor their gods. People prepare for the festivals with great care and enthusiasm as if they had been waiting all year long for it.

These festivals bring together people from different parts of Jharkhand like a rainbow uniting various hues into one glorious picture. It is an experience that is truly special; like a symphony of voices echoing through time and space, reminding us of our culture and traditions. These festivities have become synonymous with joy that lasts forever, just like the jubilant memories they leave behind.

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Yeshwanth Nenavath
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