Folk Dance Of Sikkim

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As a folk dance researcher, I have had the pleasure of exploring many cultures and their traditional dances. None has captivated me more than the vibrant and unique folk dances of Sikkim.

y extraordinary forms of performance art that are central to its cultural identity. From lively masked dances to graceful hand gestures, each style of Sikkimese dance is steeped in local customs and beliefs.

Each one tells a story about this fascinating region, from its people’s origins to their hopes for the future. Through my research, I am excited to share with you an overview of these beautiful dances so we can all appreciate them!

1. Chhanglam: The Dance Of The Mask

I have always been fascinated by the traditional folk dances of Sikkim. One dance in particular, Chhanglam, has captivated me for years.

This unique performance is a blend of both costumes and rituals, lending itself to be quite an intriguing spectacle. The participants wear masks made from yak hair which are decorated with metal ornaments, feathers and other intricate designs. These striking masks represent different gods and goddesses that feature prominently in the culture of Sikkim such as Bhote Thakuray and Padamchhenpo among others.

Then they don their colorful clothing consisting of red robes along with silver necklaces and waistbands covered in bells which jingle each time they move. The dancers also carry swords on their belts as part of the ritualistic nature of the performance.

In addition to the elaborate costumes worn by the performers, there exists several symbolic gestures during Chhanglam designed to invoke protection from evil spirits while blessing those who watch it.

All this combines to make Chhanglam a truly mesmerizing experience – one that I am certain will continue to delight audiences for many years to come. Having explored this remarkable dance form extensively, my journey now turns towards another interesting tradition: Chudam – The Dance Of The Sword.

2. Chudam: The Dance Of The Sword

Chudam is a traditional folk dance of Sikkim that has been practiced for centuries. It’s an energetic and captivating form of storytelling, with performers dancing in pairs to the accompaniment of musical instruments such as drums, cymbals and horns.

This powerful display tells tales of courage, love, devotion and loyalty through intricate movements which are both graceful and dramatic. Through their actions, the dancers bring life to these stories by recreating scenes from ancient battles or depicting heroic acts from local folklore.

The audience is mesmerized as they observe each dancer skillfully maneuvering their swords around one another in perfect unison. The combination of music and movement creates a thrilling atmosphere full of energy and excitement that leaves everyone spellbound!

3. Chisop: The Dance Of The Hand

Chisop is a traditional folk dance of Sikkim that dates back centuries. It is an eye-catching display of energetic hand movements, combined with footwork and intricate body motions. This exciting and vibrant dance has been passed down through generations, captivating audiences and keeping the culture alive.

The dancers wear colorful costumes, which are usually made of bamboo or cane strips for the men and a long skirt for the women. The clothing helps to accentuate their lively hand gestures during this enthralling performance.

Traditional musical instruments such as flutes, drums and cymbals accompany Chisop’s upbeat rhythm. Despite being accompanied by these various instruments, it is still primarily driven by the movement of hands and feet in unison.

This unique dance form from Sikkim creates an atmosphere filled with joy and excitement, continuing to be performed on special occasions today. Its popularity continues to draw crowds who can watch mesmerized at its fascinating energy – now all we have left to explore is Nga-cham: the Dance of the Drum!

4. Nga-Cham: The Dance Of The Drum

The Nga-Cham is a traditional folk dance of Sikkim, where dancers form circles and perform the ritualistic movements. This dance has deep cultural significance in this region, as it is believed to be part of Marooning Rituals that were performed by local deities for centuries.

It is usually accompanied with drums and other musical instruments which add an extra layer of energy to the performance:

  • The synchronized motions are enthralling;
  •  The powerful beats from the drums bring life to each step;
  •  And watching each dancer move effortlessly creates a mesmerizing atmosphere.

This dynamic and lively dance brings about joyous celebrations among locals, thus instilling pride in their rich cultural heritage. Even though it involves chanting and singing along with drum playing, its graceful moves captivate onlookers from all walks of life.

To witness such beauty first hand is nothing short of magical – one can feel the passion emanating from the performers and join them in celebrating Sikkim’s culture. Ultimately transitioning us into our next topic – Singhi: The Dance Of The Horns.

5. Singhi: The Dance Of The Horns

As I transitioned from the bright beats of Nga-Cham to the melodious tunes of Singhi, a feeling of awe arose in me. Every beat of the drum brought an energy that could be felt deep within my core and it was impossible not to get carried away with its rhythm.

The costumes used for the dance further added to the beauty; they were vibrant and colorful, a sight fit for royalty.

Singhi is one of Sikkim’s oldest folk dances, traditionally performed during special occasions such as weddings or religious festivals like Losar. It is characterised by two main components – shinghi music and traditional dress.

The shinghi music played uses several instruments including drums, cymbals, horns and trumpets which create beautiful melodies that seem to last forever! As dancers spin around in their elaborate costumes, each move is accompanied by thunderous claps which add an element of excitement and joy to this unique cultural experience.

The combination of musical instruments creates a mesmerizing atmosphere that takes you into another world altogether. Dancers wear intricate costumes adorned with beads and coins that jingle along with every step taken – adding even more vibrancy to this already spectacular performance.

A truly remarkable showcase of culture, Singhi will make your heart swell with pride as you become part of something so richly rooted in history and tradition.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What Are The Traditional Costumes Associated With Each Sikkimese Folk Dance?

A. As a folk dance researcher, I’m often asked about the traditional costumes associated with each sikkimese folk dance. In terms of cultural symbolism and religious significance, these costumes are very important elements to consider when studying Sikkim’s rich history.

For example, men traditionally wear knee-length dhoti paired with a chuba or coat during dances such as Cham Dance and Chuday Dance; whereas for Bhada Dance women typically don colorful silk skirts called ‘pangden’ along with special headgear like moruni (headdress) and jwahri (jewelry).

Each costume has its own unique story to tell in regards to their origins and meanings behind them.

Q2. How Long Has Sikkimese Folk Dance Been A Part Of Sikkimese Culture?

A. Folk dancing has been a part of Sikkimese culture for centuries, but it’s only recently that its cultural significance has come to light. It’s like an old proverb: you can’t judge a book by its cover.

Dance customs have evolved over time and many have become integral parts of the local traditions in Sikkim. From religious ceremonies to festivals, these dances are often performed as expressions of joy and celebration.

As a folk dance researcher/writer, I am proud to be able to help document the history behind this important aspect of Sikkim culture.

 Q3. Are There Any Modern Variations Of Sikkimese Folk Dance?

A. Yes, there are modern variations of Sikkimese folk dance that have emerged over the years. Many regional styles have also been created in more recent times, with each having its own unique flavour and flair to it.

For example, some dances involve intricate hand movements and body postures which allude to traditional stories or lessons from mythology. Other popular dance styles include group-based moves with synchronized steps, as well as individual solo performances where dancers show off their skill and agility.

All these different interpretations of Sikkimese folk dancing give a refreshing take on an important cultural tradition.

Q4. Are There Any Other Folk Dances In Sikkim Besides The Five Mentioned?

A. Folk dance is an important part of Sikkimese culture. It’s a great way to express cultural symbolism and communicate ideas through the language of movement.

While there are five traditional styles of dances that are popular in the region, there are many other forms of folk dance practiced by the locals as well. From fast-paced harvest dances to slow, graceful ones that celebrate marriage rituals – each has its own significance and meaning behind it.

As a researcher or writer interested in exploring this fascinating aspect of Sikkim culture, you’ll find plenty more interesting information about these unique types of folk dances, including their history and symbolic meanings tied to them!

Q5. What Kind Of Music Is Typically Used In Sikkimese Folk Dance?

A. When it comes to music for folk dance in Sikkim, there are a number of styles and types of steps used. Depending on the region, some dances may be accompanied by drums or other instruments, while others rely solely on traditional vocal singing.

Generally speaking, most dances use simple rhythms and melodies that emphasize the various steps and movements performed by dancers. Commonly heard songs include those featuring poetry about local legends or stories from mythology.

As with many traditional genres of music around the world, these pieces often feature strong repeating motifs which help carry the momentum of a performance.


It is clear that the folk dance of Sikkim has been a part of its culture for centuries.

From the traditional costumes associated with each type, to the modern variations and other dances present in the region, it is an important element of their identity.

Every aspect of this artform speaks to the soul of those who practice it, from the spirited music used to accompany these dances, to the vibrant movements that bring life to stories told through generations.

As researchers and writers, we are privileged to have experienced such a unique and beautiful form of expression first-hand – something that will remain with us forever.

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