Government Policies Of Bihar

Bihar, located in the eastern part of India, is one of the most populous states in the country. The state has a rich cultural and historical background that dates back to ancient times. Over the years, Bihar has faced several challenges such as poverty, illiteracy, and unemployment. However, the Government Policies Of Bihar has implemented various policies and programs to address these issues and improve the standard of living for its citizens.

This article will provide an overview of some of the significant government policies implemented in Bihar. We will discuss key initiatives such as the Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project (BRLP), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana, Agriculture Roadmap, Bihar Start-up Policy, Health and Education Policies among others. Through this article, we hope to shed light on how these policies have impacted various sectors of society in Bihar and what potential they hold for future development.

Key Takeaways

  • Bihar government has implemented policies such as BRLP, MGNREGA, Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana, Agriculture Roadmap, Bihar Start-up Policy, Health and Education Policies to address challenges like poverty, illiteracy, and unemployment.
  • Bihar government offers incentives such as tax holidays and subsidies to attract investors, with a focus on promoting self-employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for people living in poverty, especially women and marginalized groups.
  • Bihar government has created initiatives aimed at providing vocational training and entrepreneurship education, improving rural infrastructure, agricultural reforms, and rural electrification, to boost economic growth and development.
  • Investment opportunities are available in sectors such as agriculture, food processing, textiles and apparels, leather goods manufacturing, tourism, and hospitality services, with the government of India providing support through various schemes such as Start-up India and Make in India initiatives to recognize Bihar’s potential for growth.

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Overview of Bihar’s Cultural and Historical Background

The cultural and historical background of Bihar is characterized by a rich heritage of art, literature, and architecture that reflects the state’s diverse ethnic and linguistic groups. The landlocked state in eastern India is home to significant landmarks such as the ancient Nalanda University, which was a center for Buddhist learning. Other notable sites include the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment, and the Barabar Caves, which date back to Emperor Ashoka’s reign.

Bihar has played a crucial role in shaping Indian culture. Its folk traditions are deeply embedded in rural life, including various forms of music such as Bhojpuri and Maithili songs. These celebrations showcase an array of vibrant themes such as love stories or seasonal festivals like Holi and Chath Puja. Additionally, Bihar has historically been a hub for innovation in literature with renowned authors like Phanishwar Nath Renu, and Ramdhari Singh Dinkar being known worldwide for their work.

Despite economic challenges faced by Bihar over time due to political instability or lack of infrastructure development- its cultural significance remains unmatched. This rich legacy continues to inspire new generations of artists and scholars alike who seek to learn from this fertile land steeped in history.

1. Economic Situation in Bihar

Economic growth in the state of Bihar has been slow, with the state ranking among the poorest states in India. Despite being rich in natural resources and having a large population, Bihar’s economy has struggled due to poor infrastructure, inadequate healthcare facilities, low literacy rates, and high poverty levels. However, there are investment opportunities available for those who are willing to take a chance on the state.

Investors looking to invest in Bihar can explore various sectors such as agriculture, food processing, textiles and apparels, leather goods manufacturing, tourism and hospitality services. Furthermore, the government of Bihar offers several incentives such as tax holidays and subsidies to attract investors. Additionally, Bihar is strategically located near major markets such as Kolkata and Delhi which makes it an ideal location for businesses.

The economic situation in Bihar may seem bleak at first glance but there is hope for growth through investment opportunities. The Government of India also recognizes this potential and provides support through various schemes such as Start-up India and Make in India initiatives. As we move forward into the subsequent section about Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project (BRLP), one can see how these investments can help address issues related to rural livelihoods by creating more job opportunities for people living in remote areas.

2. Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project (BRLP)

Investment in the Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project (BRLP) has the potential to improve the standard of living for rural communities through various initiatives. The project is aimed at promoting self-employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for people living in poverty, with a focus on women and marginalized groups. To achieve this goal, BRLP seeks to strengthen community-based organizations, build their capacities to manage local resources, and enhance access to financial services.

The project implementation involves a participatory approach that emphasizes community engagement in all stages of planning and implementation. This ensures that interventions are tailored to meet local needs while also fostering ownership and sustainability of project outcomes. For instance, BRLP provides technical assistance to help communities identify income-generating activities such as agriculture, livestock rearing, or handicrafts. It then supports these initiatives by providing training, credit facilities and market linkages.

With its inclusive approach and emphasis on empowering rural communities through sustainable livelihoods activities, BRLP has been successful in reducing poverty levels among participating households. As of 2020, over 1 million households had benefited from the program across 8 districts in Bihar state. However, there remain challenges such as limited access to markets or inadequate infrastructure that need to be addressed if BRLP is to reach its full potential as a catalyst for rural development. In the subsequent section about ‘mahatma gandhi national rural employment guarantee act (mgnrega)’, we will explore another policy initiative aimed at improving livelihoods for rural populations through direct employment generation schemes.

3. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a flagship scheme of the Indian government aimed at providing employment opportunities for rural households. The scheme not only provides livelihoods to the rural poor, but also boosts rural development by creating durable assets such as roads, ponds, and irrigation facilities. MGNREGA has had a significant impact on Bihar, where it has generated employment for millions of people and helped in reducing poverty and improving living standards in rural areas.

Providing Employment Opportunities

One strategy employed by the Bihar government to address unemployment is through skills development programs. The state has created multiple initiatives aimed at providing its citizens with vocational training and entrepreneurship education. For example, the Bihar Skill Development Mission (BSDM) was established in 2010 to enhance the employability of people through skill training programs and create a skilled workforce. The BSDM conducts various courses such as computer application, mobile repairing, fashion designing, and beauty services, among others.

Another program initiated by the government is the Entrepreneurship Development Program (EDP), which aims to support aspiring entrepreneurs in setting up their businesses. The EDP provides financial assistance for enterprises that are located in rural areas of Bihar. Additionally, the scheme offers guidance on establishing micro-enterprises and creating self-employment opportunities for individuals.

By investing in skill development and entrepreneurship programs, the Bihar government strives to provide employment opportunities for its citizens while also boosting rural development. These initiatives are crucial steps towards achieving sustainable economic growth across all regions of Bihar.

Boosting Rural Development

Enhancing rural development is a crucial aspect of Bihar’s overall economic growth strategy. The state government has taken several measures to boost rural development, including the following:

  1. Rural Infrastructure: The Bihar government has focused on improving rural infrastructure by constructing new roads, bridges, and irrigation systems. This will improve connectivity in remote areas and help farmers transport their produce to markets more easily.
  2. Skill Development: To promote employment opportunities in rural areas, the Bihar government has launched several skill development programs. These programs are designed to provide training and support for people who want to start their own businesses or work in industries such as agriculture or manufacturing.
  3. Agricultural Reforms: Bihar has introduced several agricultural reforms aimed at boosting crop productivity and income for farmers. One such reform is the implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), which provides insurance cover for crops damaged due to natural calamities.
  4. Rural Electrification: The Bihar government has also focused on improving access to electricity in rural areas by implementing schemes such as Har Ghar Bijli Yojana. This will not only improve the living conditions of people but also benefit small businesses and entrepreneurs.

These initiatives have had a significant impact on rural development in Bihar, contributing to an increase in agricultural productivity and employment opportunities for people living in remote areas of the state.

Without a doubt, these policies have had an immense impact on Bihar’s economy as a whole.

Impact on Bihar

Improved rural infrastructure, skill development programs, agricultural reforms, and rural electrification have had a significant impact on Bihar’s overall economic growth. Political stability has been a crucial factor in the implementation of these policies. The state government has taken several initiatives to improve the condition of rural areas by investing in infrastructure development such as roads, bridges, and irrigation systems. These improvements have not only connected remote villages to urban centers but also made it easier for farmers to transport their produce to markets.

Furthermore, skill development programs have played a vital role in creating job opportunities for people living in rural areas. Agricultural reforms like crop diversification and promotion of organic farming have helped farmers increase their yields and income. Rural electrification has ensured that households in remote areas have access to electricity and improved their standard of living. Overall, the government’s efforts towards boosting rural development have had a positive impact on Bihar’s economy and uplifted the lives of its citizens.

Moving ahead from the success of these policies is another initiative by the Bihar government called ‘Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana.’ This program aims at promoting girls’ education by providing financial assistance for higher studies and encouraging them through incentives such as laptops or bicycles.

4. Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana

The Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana, initiated by the government of Bihar, aims to promote the education and welfare of girl children in the state. This scheme is one of the many empowerment initiatives taken by the government to improve gender equality and address issues related to women education schemes. The primary objective of this scheme is to provide financial assistance for the education and skill development of girls from economically weaker sections.

Under this scheme, all girls who pass Class X examination are eligible for a scholarship amount of INR 10,000. Additionally, for those who pass Class XII or equivalent examinations with first division, there is an additional incentive amount of INR 25,000. The scholarship amount provided under this scheme can be used for tuition fees as well as other educational expenses such as books and uniforms. Furthermore, this initiative also includes a component that promotes higher education among girls through scholarships for undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

The Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana has had a positive impact on girl child education in Bihar since its inception. It has led to an increase in enrollment rates among girls across various levels of school education. By providing financial assistance to families from economically weaker sections, it has enabled more girls to complete their schooling and pursue higher studies. Ultimately, this initiative will help create a more educated workforce in Bihar that can contribute towards economic development.

Moving forward into ‘Bihar Industrial Investment Promotion Policy’, it is important to note that initiatives such as Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana have contributed towards creating a conducive environment for investments in Bihar. Through its various schemes and policies aimed at promoting socio-economic development in the state, Bihar is fast emerging as an attractive destination for industrial investment promotion.

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5. Bihar Industrial Investment Promotion Policy

The Bihar state government’s efforts to uplift the status of women in the state through various schemes are laudable. One such scheme is the Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana, which aims at promoting education among girls and supporting them financially. However, the government has also been working towards attracting investors and boosting job creation through its Bihar Industrial Investment Promotion Policy.

The policy focuses on creating a favorable business environment for industrial development by providing tax incentives, subsidies, and other financial benefits to businesses setting up shop in Bihar. The aim is to increase investment in key sectors such as manufacturing, IT/ITeS, tourism, and agro-processing. Additionally, the policy emphasizes skill development programs that will enable local residents to acquire skills required for jobs created due to industrial growth.

To achieve these objectives effectively, the policy has set up a single window clearance mechanism that streamlines approval processes for setting up new industries and provides support services throughout their lifecycle. This helps reduce bureaucratic delays while ensuring transparency and accountability in governance.

Through this policy’s implementation, Bihar aims at creating employment opportunities for its people while attracting investments into different sectors of its economy. By doing so, it hopes to transform itself into an economically vibrant state that can compete with other states’ economic growth rates in India.

As we move forward into discussing Bihar’s agricultural roadmap shortly after this section ends let us examine how Bihar’s efforts towards industrialization will complement its agriculture sector in paving the way for overall economic growth within the state.

6. Agriculture Roadmap

Revolutionizing the agricultural landscape of a state can have far-reaching effects on its economy, and Bihar’s agriculture roadmap aims to do just that. The Agriculture Roadmap focuses on agricultural modernization and sustainable farming practices. This policy is aimed at increasing agricultural productivity, income and rural employment opportunities.

The Bihar government plans to achieve these goals by promoting the use of advanced technology in agriculture, providing better access to credit for farmers, enhancing irrigation facilities in rural areas, and encouraging crop diversification. The Agriculture Roadmap also emphasizes the need for soil testing and nutrient management services to ensure sustainable farming practices.

The implementation of this policy has already shown promising results with an increase in paddy production from 80 lakh tonnes in 2017-18 to 116 lakh tonnes in 2020-21. Furthermore, the state government has launched several initiatives such as soil health cards distribution, subsidized solar pumps installation for farmers, and setting up farmer producer organizations (FPOs) to promote agri-business among small farmers. These measures have helped improve the socio-economic status of farmers while contributing towards making Bihar self-sufficient in food production.

As Bihar continues its efforts towards achieving growth through sectoral development policies like Agriculture Roadmap,the next logical step is a comprehensive start-up policy that can stimulate innovation across various sectors including agriculture.

7. Bihar Start-up Policy

Innovation and entrepreneurship are being fostered in Bihar through the state’s start-up policy, which aims to create a conducive environment for start-ups to flourish and contribute towards economic growth. The policy provides tax incentives, regulatory support and funding assistance for start-ups, with a focus on sectors such as agriculture, healthcare, education and tourism. It also encourages the establishment of innovation hubs across the state to promote collaboration among entrepreneurs, investors and academics.

The start-up ecosystem in Bihar has seen significant growth since the launch of this policy in 2017. According to a report by NASSCOM, there are over 150 start-ups currently operating in the state across various sectors. This is a testament to the success of Bihar’s efforts to provide an enabling environment for innovative ideas to thrive. However, there is still room for improvement, particularly with regards to access to capital and talent retention.

As Bihar continues its journey towards becoming a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship, it is essential that policies around health and education are given equal attention. These areas play a critical role in creating an educated workforce that can drive innovation forward while improving public health outcomes. In line with this goal, the government has implemented several initiatives aimed at improving healthcare infrastructure and increasing access to quality education across all levels of society.

8. Health and Education Policies

Improving healthcare infrastructure and increasing access to quality education are crucial for creating a skilled workforce that can drive innovation forward while enhancing public health outcomes. In Bihar, the government has taken several measures to address these issues. Here are three noteworthy points:

  • The state’s flagship health scheme, Mukhyamantri Chiranjeevi Swasthya Bima Yojana, provides cashless treatment to more than 1.5 crore families in the state. Under this scheme, patients can avail of free treatment up to Rs 5 lakh per year in empanelled hospitals across India.
  • To improve the quality of education, Bihar has introduced a series of reforms such as the Student Credit Card Scheme that provides interest-free loans up to Rs 4 lakhs for students pursuing higher education. Additionally, the government is investing in building new schools and upgrading existing ones with better facilities like libraries and computer labs.
  • Another major initiative by Bihar’s government is the ‘Bihar Skill Development Mission’ which aims at providing skills training to over 10 lakh youth by 2020. This program covers over 80 different trades ranging from hospitality to manufacturing industries.

The efforts made towards improving health infrastructure and implementing education reforms have started reaping benefits for Bihar’s population. However, there is still a long way ahead before achieving universal access to quality healthcare and education. The future prospects look promising as long as the government continues focusing on initiatives aimed at addressing these challenges while promoting innovation and growth throughout the state’s economy.

Future Prospects

The future prospects for Bihar’s health and education policies are both challenging and full of opportunities. On one hand, the state faces several hurdles such as limited resources, inadequate infrastructure, and low literacy rates. On the other hand, there is immense potential for growth with increasing government investment in these sectors and the emergence of new technologies that can transform healthcare delivery and enhance educational outcomes. In conclusion, a comprehensive approach that addresses existing challenges while leveraging emerging opportunities will be crucial to ensuring a brighter future for Bihar’s health and education policies.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite facing numerous challenges, Bihar has several opportunities for growth and development in its government policies. The challenges include a lack of infrastructure, low literacy rates, poverty, and corruption. However, these challenges also present opportunities for the state to improve in various areas such as education, health care, agriculture, and industrialization.


  • Increasing investment in infrastructure can stimulate economic growth and create job opportunities.
  • Improving the education system can increase literacy rates and provide better job prospects for the youth population.
  • Developing better healthcare facilities can improve access to medical services and reduce mortality rates.
  • Promoting agricultural innovations can boost productivity and profitability for farmers.
  • Encouraging industrialization can diversify the economy and attract more investors to Bihar.

In conclusion, despite facing significant obstacles, Bihar has several opportunities to grow and develop through its government policies. By addressing these challenges head-on with innovative solutions that address their root causes rather than just symptoms or consequences thereof; Bihar will be able to achieve sustainable growth while simultaneously improving quality of life across multiple sectors within the state’s boundaries.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the current political party in power in Bihar?

The current political scenario in Bihar is led by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which won the 2020 state assembly election. The NDA comprises of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Janata Dal (United) (JDU).

2. How does the government plan to address the issue of corruption in Bihar?

The Bihar government has implemented various anti-corruption measures to combat corruption, such as creating an anti-corruption cell and establishing a whistleblower policy. These efforts aim to promote transparency and accountability within the government.

3 .What is the government’s stance on environmental conservation and sustainability in Bihar?

The government of Bihar has implemented several environmental policies to promote sustainable development. These include the ban on plastic bags, promotion of renewable energy sources, and afforestation drives. Such initiatives are aimed at preserving the state’s natural resources and ensuring a greener future.

4. What measures is the government taking to address the issue of unemployment in Bihar?

The Bihar government has launched various schemes such as Kushal Yuva Program and Chief Minister’s Employment Generation Programme to promote job creation and skill development. These initiatives aim to reduce unemployment rates in the state by providing training and financial support to young individuals.

5. How does the government plan to improve the infrastructure and connectivity in Bihar’s rural areas?

The Bihar government plans to improve connectivity and rural infrastructure development through various initiatives, such as the construction of roads, bridges, and electrification projects. These efforts aim to enhance accessibility and promote economic growth in rural areas.


To sum up, Bihar’s government policies face various challenges and opportunities. Despite the state’s vast potential in agriculture, education, and healthcare sectors, it still lags behind other states due to inadequate infrastructure, corruption, and poor implementation of policies. However, with the current government’s focus on improving the state’s infrastructure and governance systems, there is hope for a better future.

In terms of policy effectiveness, public opinion plays a crucial role in determining its success or failure. Hence, it is essential for policymakers to take into account the views of people while framing policies. The government needs to engage with citizens through various channels such as town hall meetings and social media platforms to understand their needs and expectations from policy initiatives. By doing so, they can ensure that the policies are relevant and effective in addressing the concerns of people. Overall, Bihar has immense potential for growth if policymakers can effectively address these challenges while leveraging opportunities at hand.

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Siliveru Rakesh
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