Milestones in Telangana Movement

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The Telangana movement was a struggle for the formation of a separate state in southern India. It began with the birth of the movement in 1948, when the demand for a separate state was first raised. Since then, the movement has seen many highs and lows, with various political leaders playing a major role in its progress. Protests and agitations formed the backbone of the movement, and the struggle finally culminated in 2014 with the formation of the state of Telangana. This article will explore the milestones in the Telangana movement, from its beginning to its end.

List of Milestones in Telangana Movement

  1. Milestones in Telangana Movement Notes discuss the history of Telangana movement and Important people involved in Telangana movement of newly formed Telangana state. In this post, we mainly discuss the history of the Telangana movement and Important people involved in the Telangana movement. We discuss different committees on the Telangana movement. 
  2. Telangana state which is called Hyderabad state merged into Indian union on September 17, 1948.
  3. The central government appointed a civil servant  M.K.Vellodi as the chief minister of Hyderabad on January 26, 1950.
  4. In 1952 first democratic elections held, Burugula Ramakrishna was the first chief minister of Hyderabad.
  5. Andhra state carved out from Madras on 1953 November 1st. Kurnool was the capital.
  6. Potti sriramulu 53 days of hunger strike for separation of Andhra Pradesh from madras.
  7. The proposal of amalgamation of Andhra state came in 1953.
  8. AP assembly passed a resolution on November 25, 1995, provisions to safeguard the interest of Telangana.
  9. Arguments between Telangana and AP leaders on February 20, 1956.
  10. Gentle Man’s agreement between bezawada Gopala reddy and B.Rama Krishna
  11. AP formation November 1st, 1956.
  12. In 1963 M.Chenna reddy started agitation failure to implement Gentleman’s agreement.
  13. In 1969 Telangana Praja Samithi was formed.
  14. On 1969 April 12 Indira Gandhi 8 points plan announced but Telangana state leaders rejected.
  15. In 1972 Jai Andhra movement started.
  16. On September 21, 1973, 6 point formula between Telangana and AP.
  17. Telangana employees complained because of injustice in a government department in 1985.
  18. In 1999 congress demanded the creation of Telangana state.
  19. TRS (Telangana Rashtra Samithi) was formed on the day of April 27, 2001.
  20. In 2001 GO-610 Griligani committee was formed.
  21. In 2001 Telangana Congress leaders and CWC of congress has sent a resolution to the LK Advani but this was rejected.
  22. TRS quit links from congress and stated their own fight in 2006.
  23. October 2008 TDP charged stand and declared support for TRS.
  24. On 2009, November 29th, TRS leader KCR (K Chandrasekhar Rao) started a hunger strike.
  25. In 2009, December 3rd Kasuju Srikanth Chary chary committed suicide to give support for KCR’s hunger strike. He is the first person to die for Telangana state. 
  26. The central government announced intimation of the process of Telangana state on 9 December 2009 by Chidambaram.
  27. On 3rd February 2010 five-member committee is appointed by central, which is headed by Sri Krishna Committee and they submitted their report on December 30th, 2010.
  28. On 17th February 2011, the Non-cooperation movement was started by 3 Lakhs employees for 16 days.
  29. On 20 July 2011, Yadi Reddy student committed suicide near parliament Delhi.
  30. Sakala Janula Samme was started by government employees on 13th September 2011 to 24th October 2011, which is 42days.
  31. On 9th November 2011 Konda Laxman bapuju started week-long satyagraha at Jantar Mantar.
  32. On July 30th, 2013 CWC unanimously passed Telangana state Bill in loksabha.
  33. Chalo Assembly movement started on 14th June 2013 by JAC.
  34. Union Cabinet approved the creation of Telangana state on 3rd October 2013.
  35. Central Home minister sent the Telangana draft bill to parliament on 6th December 2013.
  36. President review bill was sent to AP assembly on 11th December 2013.
  37. Ap assembly introduced the Telangana state draft bill on 16th December 2013.
  38. Telangana bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 13th February 2014.
  39. Lok Sabha passed the Telangana bill on the date of 18th February 2014.
  40. Rajya Sabha passed the Telangana bill on the date of 20th February 2014.
  41. BJP leader Kishan reddy started Telangana Poru Yatra for 22days.
  42. On March 1st, 2014 bill received the assent of the president published in Gazette.
  43. On March 4th, 2014 Government of India declared Telangana state.
  44. On June 2nd,2014  Telangana state was formed.

The Birth of the Telangana Movement

You can trace the beginning of the issue all the way back to the 1950s, when people started calling for change. In 1953, the Telangana Praja Samithi was formed, which called for the separation of the Telangana region from Andhra State. This sparked the beginning of the movement, as it was the first organization to call for a unified Telangana.

The movement was further fueled when the state of Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1956, and the people of Telangana felt that their rights were not being adequately represented. This led to a series of agitations and protests, which eventually led to the formation of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) in 2001.

The TRS was a political party dedicated to the cause of Telangana, and it played a major role in the formation of the new state of Telangana in 2014. The TRS was able to mobilize the people of Telangana and bring the issue to the forefront of Indian politics. The movement was further spurred on by the success of other regional movements in other parts of India, such as in Punjab, Kashmir and Assam. The Telangana movement was a long and arduous one, but it ultimately succeeded in its goal of creating a new state.

The Role of Political Leaders

Political leaders played an integral role in the success of the struggle for statehood. K. Chandrasekhar Rao, also known as KCR, was a key figure in the Telangana movement and was instrumental in the formation of Telangana as the 29th state of India. KCR was the leader of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) party and was the first Chief Minister of the state. He was joined by many other political leaders who supported the statehood for Telangana, including the leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Indian National Congress (INC), and the Telangana Joint Action Committee (TJAC).

These leaders mobilized the people of Telangana and led the movement, which ultimately led to the formation of the state. Their efforts were crucial in raising awareness and garnering support for the Telangana movement. They also pushed for the statehood in the Parliament and helped to pass the bill that established Telangana. The support of these political leaders was essential for the success of the movement and for the realization of the dream of a separate Telangana state.

Protests and Agitations

Thousands of protesters took to the streets, chanting slogans and carrying flags, in order to demand a separate state of Telangana, making the protests and agitations a defining moment in India’s history. These protests, which began in the early 2000s, were led by several key political leaders, who wanted to gain autonomy for the people of Telangana, and to ensure that they were not neglected by the state government.

The protests were often peaceful, with the protesters marching and holding rallies to put pressure on the government to grant Telangana statehood. However, there were also some violent clashes between police and protesters, which resulted in several deaths and injuries. The protests intensified over the years, and eventually the Indian government was forced to listen to the demands of the protesters and granted Telangana statehood in 2014.

It was a momentous victory for the people of Telangana, who had fought for many years for their autonomy and recognition. The protests and agitations also served as a powerful reminder of the strength of the people and their will to fight for what they believed in.

The Road to Statehood

After years of struggle and dedication, the people of Telangana achieved their hard-fought victory, finally gaining statehood in 2014. The road to statehood had been a long and arduous process, beginning in the 1950s, when the demand for a separate state was first raised. The Telangana movement was an effort to secure that goal, and it took over five decades of protests and agitations before the dream of a separate Telangana state was realized.

The movement was driven by a variety of organizations, such as the Telangana Praja Samithi, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, and the Telangana Joint Action Committee. These organizations fought for the cause of Telangana in different ways, such as non-violent protests, strikes, rallies, and so on. Finally, in 2014, the Government of India created the 29th state of India, Telangana, through the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act. This was a significant milestone and a tribute to the perseverance and resilience of the people of Telangana.

The Aftermath of Telangana’s Formation

You’ve heard the story of the long road to statehood for Telangana, but what has happened since the state was officially created in 2014? Since its formation, Telangana has seen an influx of investments in infrastructure projects, with the state government prioritizing the development of roads and transport systems in an effort to improve connectivity.

The government has also introduced a number of initiatives to boost the economy, such as the Telangana State Industrial Project Approval and Self Certification System (TS-iPASS) and a special economic package for the development of the state’s rural areas. In addition, the government has implemented various social welfare schemes, such as free education for girls, free electricity connections and free health care for all. These initiatives have played a significant role in improving the quality of life of the people of Telangana, and have led to a rise in the state’s GDP.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What are the economic benefits of Telangana’s statehood?

Ans: The economic benefits of Telangana’s statehood are plentiful. With its own government, the region has access to more resources and can better develop its economy. This has resulted in increased job opportunities, improved infrastructure, and better access to healthcare and education. Additionally, industries and businesses have seen an increase in investment, leading to increased revenue for the state. With its own statehood, Telangana has been able to create economic stability and growth, which benefits its citizens and the region as a whole.

Q2: How has the formation of Telangana affected minority communities?

Ans: The formation of Telangana has had a major impact on the country’s minority communities. With the statehood, minority communities have received more opportunities and protection, including exclusive quotas in government jobs and educational institutions, as well as enhanced access to resources and infrastructure. The state has also implemented several welfare schemes and initiatives to ensure the socio-economic development of minorities. The state government has also taken steps to ensure that minority communities are adequately represented in the political process. Overall, the formation of Telangana has been a positive development for minority communities in the region.

Q3: What measures have been taken to ensure the sustainable development of Telangana?

Ans: Since the formation of Telangana, various measures have been undertaken to ensure its sustainable development. The Government of Telangana has implemented a number of initiatives to promote the growth of the region’s economy. These include the establishment of the Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (TSIIC) to facilitate the setting up of industrial units, the launch of the Telangana State Investment Promotion Scheme (TSIPS) to attract investments from domestic and foreign sources, and the formation of the Telangana State Skill Development Mission (TSSDM) to support skill development initiatives. Additionally, the Government has taken steps to ensure the availability of basic amenities such as electricity, water, and sanitation in the region. It has also implemented various welfare and development schemes such as the Kalyana Lakshmi Scheme and the KCR Kit Scheme to improve the living conditions of the people of Telangana.

Q4: How has the Telangana Movement impacted the region’s political landscape?

Ans: The Telangana movement has had a significant impact on the region’s political landscape, with the formation of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) party in 2001 as a direct result of the movement. The TRS has sought to represent the interests of the people of Telangana, and has had a strong presence in the state’s assembly and parliament since its formation. The party has championed the cause of the people of the state and has sought to promote sustainable development, which it believes is the only way to ensure the region’s prosperity. The Telangana movement has provided a platform for the TRS to promote its agenda and has been a major factor in the state’s political landscape.

Q5: What are the long-term implications of Telangana’s statehood?

Ans: The long-term implications of Telangana’s statehood are far reaching. Not only has it provided a form of self-governance to the region, but it has also allowed it to develop economically and culturally. With control over their own resources, Telangana has been able to pursue policies that are tailored to the needs of its citizens. Additionally, statehood has provided locals with greater access to education, healthcare, and other important services. The state’s newfound autonomy has also allowed it to develop its own identity and culture, which has further strengthened its sense of community and pride.

Conclusion

The formation of the state of Telangana is a milestone in the history of India. The people of Telangana fought hard and long to gain statehood and it was only after years of struggle that they were able to achieve it. Today, the state stands as a symbol of strength and resilience, and it serves as a reminder that when we come together and work hard, anything is possible. We should all be proud of the efforts and dedication of the people of Telangana in their fight for statehood, and we should strive to build on their success in the years to come.

Siliveru Rakesh
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