Telangana State Basic Information

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Telangana is a state located in the southern part of India. It was officially recognized as a state in 2014, making it the 29th state of India. It has an area of 1,14,800 square kilometers, making it the twelfth largest state in the country. With a population of over 35 million, it is the twelfth most populous state in India.

Telangana is known for its rich history, culture and vibrant people. It is home to several major cities, including Hyderabad, Warangal and Karimnagar. The state is home to a variety of languages, dialects and cultures, making it an interesting place to explore. The climate of Telangana is largely hot and dry, with temperatures ranging from mild to very hot in summer months. In this article, we will explore the geography, climate, languages and dialects, history, and major cities of Telangana.

In this article, we will cover all the important points that are frequently asked in recent Telangana government exams. As we already know that Telangana state is the 29th state of India and its formation day is on June 2, 2014. The Telangana state covers an area of 1,12,077 Sq. Kms and has a total population of 3.52 crores based on the population survey conducted in 2011 by the government of India.

If you look at the territory of Telangana is surrounded by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh in the Northside, in the west Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in both South and East directions. The following are the few major and rapidly growing cities of the Telangana state includes Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Khammam, Warangal, Nalgonda, and Karimnagar.

Telangana State Information

  1. Telangana formation day-  2nd, June 2014
  2. Telangana state capital- Hyderabad
  3. Districts in Telangana state- 33
  4. Who is the governor of Telangana- E S L Narasimhan
  5. Who is the chief minister of Telangana- Kalvakuntla Chandrasekhar Rao(KCR).
  6. The total area of Telangana state- 114840 sq-km
  7. Area-wise rank of Telangana- 12th In India.
  8. What is the code for vehicle registration in Telangana- TS
  9. Literacy percentage of Telangana- 66.50%
  10. Official languages of Telangana- Telugu, and Urdu.
  11. Emblem of Telangana- Kakatiya Thoranam and Charminar.
  12. State bird of Telangana- Indian Roller.
  13. State Tree of Telangana- Jammi.
  14. The state flower of Telangana- Tangedu.
  15. Official Telangana festivals- Bonalu and Bathukamma.

Geography of Telangana

Geographically, Telangana’s got it all — from lush forests to vibrant cities! Located in the south-central region of India, the state of Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is the twelfth largest Indian state in terms of area and the twelfth most populated state in the country. Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau and the Krishna and Godavari Rivers flow through the region. The terrain of the state is largely composed of hilly and flat areas with a few isolated mountain ranges such as Nallamala and Ananthagiri Hills. Telangana is also home to some of the oldest geological formations in the world, including the Narmada Valley and the Vindhya Range. The climate of the region is generally tropical and dry, with the summers tending to be hot and humid and the winters mild.

Read our completed guide about: Telangana Geography

Telangana’s Climate

You’ll find Telangana’s climate is varied, ranging from hot and dry to warm and humid. In general, Telangana has a tropical climate that is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild winters. The temperatures in the state are usually hot and the humidity is usually high. During the summer months, temperatures can reach as high as 45°C and the humidity can be oppressive. The winters in Telangana are mild and the temperatures can drop to as low as 10°C. Rainfall is concentrated in the South West monsoon season from June to October, with the Northern parts of the state receiving the most rain. The state also experiences a short dry season from December to February. The amount of rainfall varies from region to region, with some areas receiving as little as 25 cm of rain annually and other areas receiving as much as 200 cm of rain.

Languages and Dialects

With its own unique culture and history, Telangana is home to a variety of different languages and dialects, making it an interesting place to explore for those interested in language and culture. The primary language spoken in Telangana is Telugu, with some other languages such as Urdu, Kannada, and Marathi also being spoken by small groups of people. The main dialects of Telugu spoken in Telangana include Warangal, Khammam, and Hyderabadi. There is also a distinct dialect of Telugu spoken in the Karimnagar district, known as Karimnagari. This dialect is known for its distinct pronunciation and is a source of pride for the people of Telangana. Additionally, there are many languages that are spoken by the tribal people in the state, such as Gondi, Koya, and Lambadi. Each of these languages has its own unique culture and history, making Telangana an interesting place to explore for those interested in language and culture.

Telangana’s History

Discover the unique history of Telangana, a region that has seen many changes over the centuries and is home to many fascinating cultures and languages. The region’s history can be traced back to the 2nd century BC, when it was part of the Mauryan Empire. It then became part of various other empires, including the Satavahanas, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, and Vijayanagar Empire. In the 16th century, it came under the Mughal Empire until the 18th century when the Nizams of Hyderabad established control in the region. During this time, Telangana was known as the ‘Princely State of Hyderabad’.

After Indian independence, the region was merged with the Andhra State in 1953 to form the Andhra Pradesh state. However, in 2014, after years of agitation, the Telangana region was separated and declared as the 29th state of India. The state has its own distinct culture and is known for its rich cultural heritage. Telangana has many important archaeological sites, including some of the oldest Hindu temples in India. It is also home to several ancient dynasties and is known for its vibrant art and literature.

Major Cities in Telangana

Telangana is home to several bustling cities, including its capital Hyderabad, the tech hub of India, as well as Karimnagar, Warangal, and Nizamabad. Hyderabad is a bustling metropolitan city and home to some of the world’s largest IT companies. It is also known for its monuments and historical sites, such as the Charminar and Golconda Fort. Karimnagar is the fourth largest city in Telangana and is known for its temples, shopping centers, and cultural attractions. Warangal is an important industrial center and is known for its ancient temples and monuments. Nizamabad is the third largest city in the state and is known for its silk and cotton production. All of these cities are important centers of culture and commerce, and are great places to visit for tourists and locals alike.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What is the economy of Telangana like?

Ans: The economy of Telangana is largely driven by agriculture, with the state being the third largest producer of rice in India. Textile and IT are two major industries in the state, with IT exports accounting for over 45% of the state’s total exports. The state also has a large presence in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Telangana also offers great potential in tourism, given its rich cultural heritage and historic monuments. The state has been making great strides in developing its infrastructure and can be expected to continue progressing economically in the coming years.

Q2: What are the major industries in Telangana?

Ans: The major industries in Telangana are pharmaceuticals, IT services, textiles, and retail trade. Telangana is home to a number of pharma giants, such as Dr. Reddy’s and Aurobindo, and to many IT giants like Microsoft and Google. The textiles industry is also a major contributor, with several cotton mills, silk factories and other textile manufacturing units in the state. Additionally, Telangana has seen tremendous growth in the retail sector in recent years, with numerous malls, hypermarkets, and specialty stores.

Q3: How is the health care system in Telangana?

Ans: The health care system in Telangana is considered to be one of the best in India. The state government has implemented initiatives to ensure the availability of quality medical care for its citizens. The government has set up numerous primary health care centers, as well as secondary and tertiary care facilities in major cities. The state also boasts a number of large hospitals with advanced medical technologies and treatments. In addition, the government has been actively promoting public health initiatives such as immunization and health awareness programs. With a strong infrastructure and an efficient health care system, Telangana is on its way to becoming a leader in health care in India.

Q4: What are the major tourist attractions in Telangana?

Ans: Telangana is a popular tourist destination in India, boasting some of the most beautiful sights in the region. The Charminar and Golconda Fort in Hyderabad are some of the most visited attractions in the state. The Warangal fort and Thousand Pillar Temple are also among the most popular tourist spots. Other attractions include the Bhongir Fort, Kondagattu Anjaneya Swamy Temple, and Ramappa Temple. The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, located on the Krishna River, is a popular spot for water sports. The Kuntala Waterfalls, Pakhal Lake and Dams, and Dichpally Ramalayam are also some of the must-see attractions in Telangana.

Q5: What are the educational opportunities available in Telangana?

Ans: Telangana is a great state for those looking to pursue their educational goals. There are many universities and educational institutions in the state, including the Osmania University, Kakatiya University, and Telangana University. The state also offers a wide range of vocational courses and technical training programs that can help equip students with the skills and qualifications to pursue various career paths. The Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University provides a range of degree programs in engineering, technology, and management, and the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad provides world-class technical education. There are also a number of state-run schools, colleges, and universities offering quality education at an affordable cost.


Telangana is a state with a rich and varied history, culture, geography, and climate. With its large cities, vibrant dialects, and diverse landscape, it has something to offer everyone. It is a state with a bright future and one that is worth exploring. From its lush forests to its bustling cities, Telangana has something to offer everyone. Whether you’re looking for a place to relax and take in the scenery or a place to explore and find adventure, Telangana is the place to be. With its beautiful landscapes, deep cultural roots, and vibrant cities, Telangana is an amazing place to explore and experience.

Siliveru Rakesh
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